The habits of happiness | Matthieu Ricard

So, I guess it is a result
of globalization that you can find Coca-Cola tins
on top of Everest and a Buddhist monk in Monterey. (Laughter) And so I just came,
two days ago, from the Himalayas to your kind invitation. So I would like to invite you, also,
for a while, to the Himalayas themselves. And to show the place
where meditators, like me, who began with being a molecular biologist
in Pasteur Institute, and found their way to the mountains. So these are a few images
I was lucky to take and be there. There’s Mount Kailash
in Eastern Tibet — wonderful setting. This is from Marlboro country. (Laughter) This is a turquoise lake. A meditator. This is the hottest day of the year
somewhere in Eastern Tibet, on August 1. And the night before, we camped,
and my Tibetan friends said, “We are going to sleep outside.” And I said, “Why? We have
enough space in the tent.” They said, “Yes, but it’s summertime.” (Laughter) So now, we are going
to speak of happiness. As a Frenchman, I must say that there are
a lot of French intellectuals that think happiness
is not at all interesting. (Laughter) I just wrote an essay on happiness,
and there was a controversy. And someone wrote an article saying, “Don’t impose on us
the dirty work of happiness.” (Laughter) “We don’t care about being happy.
We need to live with passion. We like the ups and downs of life. We like our suffering because it’s so good
when it ceases for a while.” (Laughter) This is what I see from the balcony
of my hermitage in the Himalayas. It’s about two meters by three,
and you are all welcome any time. (Laughter) Now, let’s come
to happiness or well-being. And first of all, you know,
despite what the French intellectuals say, it seems that no one wakes up
in the morning thinking, “May I suffer the whole day?” (Laughter) Which means that somehow,
consciously or not, directly or indirectly,
in the short or the long term, whatever we do, whatever we hope,
whatever we dream — somehow, is related to a deep, profound
desire for well-being or happiness. As Pascal said,
even the one who hangs himself, somehow, is looking
for cessation of suffering. He finds no other way. But then, if you look
in the literature, East and West, you can find incredible diversity
of definition of happiness. Some people say, I only believed
in remembering the past, imagining the future, never the present. Some people say happiness is right now; it’s the quality of the freshness
of the present moment. And that led Henri Bergson,
the French philosopher, to say, “All the great thinkers of humanity
have left happiness in the vague so that each of them
could define their own terms.” Well, that would be fine if it was just
a secondary preoccupation in life. But now, if it is something
that is going to determine the quality of every instant of our life, then we better know what it is,
have some clearer idea. And probably, the fact
that we don’t know that is why, so often, although we seek happiness,
it seems we turn our back to it. Although we want to avoid suffering, it seems we are running
somewhat towards it. And that can also come
from some kind of confusions. One of the most common ones
is happiness and pleasure. But if you look at
the characteristics of those two, pleasure is contingent upon time,
upon its object, upon the place. It is something that — changes of nature. Beautiful chocolate cake:
first serving is delicious, second one not so much,
then we feel disgust. (Laughter) That’s the nature of things. We get tired. I used to be a fan of Bach. I used to play it on the guitar, you know. I can hear it two, three, five times. If I had to hear it 24 hours,
non-stop, it might be very tiring. If you are feeling very cold,
you come near a fire, it’s so wonderful. After some moments,
you just go a little back, and then it starts burning. It sort of uses itself
as you experience it. And also, again, it can —
also, it’s something that you — it is not something
that is radiating outside. Like, you can feel intense pleasure and some others around you
can be suffering a lot. Now, what, then, will be happiness? And happiness, of course, is such
a vague word, so let’s say well-being. And so, I think the best definition,
according to the Buddhist view, is that well-being is not just
a mere pleasurable sensation. It is a deep sense
of serenity and fulfillment. A state that actually pervades and underlies all emotional states, and all the joys and sorrows
that can come one’s way. For you, that might be surprising. Can we have this kind of well-being
while being sad? In a way, why not? Because we are speaking
of a different level. Look at the waves coming near the shore. When you are at the bottom
of the wave, you hit the bottom. You hit the solid rock. When you are surfing on the top,
you are all elated. So you go from elation
to depression — there’s no depth. Now, if you look at the high sea, there might be beautiful,
calm ocean, like a mirror. There might be storms, but the depth of the ocean
is still there, unchanged. So now, how is that? It can only be a state of being,
not just a fleeting emotion, sensation. Even joy — that can be
the spring of happiness. But there’s also wicked joy,
you can rejoice in someone’s suffering. So how do we proceed
in our quest for happiness? Very often, we look outside. We think that if we could gather
this and that, all the conditions, something that we say,
“Everything to be happy — to have everything to be happy.” That very sentence already reveals
the doom, destruction of happiness. To have everything. If we miss something, it collapses. And also, when things go wrong,
we try to fix the outside so much, but our control
of the outer world is limited, temporary, and often, illusory. So now, look at inner conditions. Aren’t they stronger? Isn’t it the mind that translates the outer condition
into happiness and suffering? And isn’t that stronger? We know, by experience, that we can be
what we call “a little paradise,” and yet, be completely unhappy within. The Dalai Lama was once in Portugal, and there was a lot of construction
going on everywhere. So one evening, he said,
“Look, you are doing all these things, but isn’t it nice, also,
to build something within?” And he said, “[Without] that —
even if you get a high-tech flat on the 100th floor of a super-modern
and comfortable building, if you are deeply unhappy within, all you are going to look for
is a window from which to jump.” So now, at the opposite, we know a lot of people who,
in very difficult circumstances, manage to keep serenity, inner strength,
inner freedom, confidence. So now, if the inner conditions
are stronger — of course, the outer
conditions do influence, and it’s wonderful to live
longer, healthier, to have access to information, education, to be able to travel, to have freedom. It’s highly desirable. However, this is not enough. Those are just auxiliary, help conditions. The experience that translates
everything is within the mind. So then, when we ask oneself how to nurture
the condition for happiness, the inner conditions, and which are those
which will undermine happiness. So then, this just needs
to have some experience. We have to know from ourselves,
there are certain states of mind that are conducive to this flourishing,
to this well-being, what the Greeks called
eudaimonia, flourishing. There are some which are adverse
to this well-being. And so, if we look
from our own experience, anger, hatred, jealousy, arrogance, obsessive desire, strong grasping, they don’t leave us in such a good state
after we have experienced it. And also, they are detrimental
to others’ happiness. So we may consider that the more
those are invading our mind, and, like a chain reaction, the more we feel miserable,
we feel tormented. At the opposite,
everyone knows deep within that an act of selfless generosity, if from the distance, without anyone
knowing anything about it, we could save a child’s life,
make someone happy. We don’t need the recognition.
We don’t need any gratitude. Just the mere fact of doing that fills such a sense of adequation
with our deep nature. And we would like to be
like that all the time. So is that possible, to change our way of being,
to transform one’s mind? Aren’t those negative emotions,
or destructive emotions, inherent to the nature of mind? Is change possible in our emotions,
in our traits, in our moods? For that we have to ask,
what is the nature of mind? And if we look from
the experiential point of view, there is a primary
quality of consciousness that’s just the mere fact
to be cognitive, to be aware. Consciousness is like a mirror
that allows all images to rise on it. You can have ugly faces,
beautiful faces in the mirror. The mirror allows that,
but the mirror is not tainted, is not modified,
is not altered by those images. Likewise, behind every single thought there is the bare consciousness,
pure awareness. This is the nature. It cannot be tainted intrinsically
with hatred or jealousy because then, if it was always there — like a dye that would permeate
the whole cloth — then it would be found
all the time, somewhere. We know we’re not always angry,
always jealous, always generous. So, because the basic
fabric of consciousness is this pure cognitive quality
that differentiates it from a stone, there is a possibility for change
because all emotions are fleeting. That is the ground for mind training. Mind training is based on the idea
that two opposite mental factors cannot happen at the same time. You could go from love to hate. But you cannot, at the same time,
toward the same object, the same person, want to harm
and want to do good. You cannot, in the same gesture,
shake hand and give a blow. So, there are natural
antidotes to emotions that are destructive
to our inner well-being. So that’s the way to proceed. Rejoicing compared to jealousy. A kind of sense of inner freedom as opposite to intense
grasping and obsession. Benevolence, loving kindness
against hatred. But, of course, each emotion then
would need a particular antidote. Another way is to try to find
a general antidote to all emotions, and that’s by looking at the very nature. Usually, when we feel annoyed,
hatred or upset with someone, or obsessed with something, the mind goes again
and again to that object. Each time it goes to the object, it reinforces that obsession
or that annoyance. So then, it’s a self-perpetuating process. So what we need to look for now is, instead of looking outward,
we look inward. Look at anger itself. It looks very menacing, like a billowing monsoon cloud
or thunderstorm. We think we could sit on the cloud, but if you go there, it’s just mist. Likewise, if you look
at the thought of anger, it will vanish like frost
under the morning sun. If you do this again
and again, the propensity, the tendencies for anger to arise again will be less and less
each time you dissolve it. And, at the end, although it may rise, it will just cross the mind, like a bird crossing the sky
without leaving any track. So this is the principal of mind training. Now, it takes time, because it took time for all those faults
in our mind, the tendencies, to build up, so it will take time
to unfold them as well. But that’s the only way to go. Mind transformation —
that is the very meaning of meditation. It means familiarization
with a new way of being, new way of perceiving things, which is more in adequation with reality, with interdependence, with the stream
and continuous transformation, which our being and our consciousness is. So, the interface with cognitive science, since we need to come to that,
it was, I suppose, the subject of — we have to deal in such a short time —
with brain plasticity. The brain was thought
to be more or less fixed. All the nominal connections,
in numbers and quantities, were thought, until the last 20 years, to be more or less fixed
when we reached adult age. Now, recently, it has been found
that it can change a lot. A violinist, as we heard, who has done
10,000 hours of violin practice, some area that controls the movements
of fingers in the brain changes a lot, increasing reinforcement
of the synaptic connections. So can we do that with human qualities? With loving kindness,
with patience, with openness? So that’s what those great
meditators have been doing. Some of them who came to the labs, like in Madison, Wisconsin,
or in Berkeley, did 20 to 40,000 hours of meditation. They do, like, three years’ retreat,
where they do meditate 12 hours a day. And then, the rest of their life,
they will do three or four hours a day. They are real Olympic
champions of mind training. (Laughter) This is the place where the meditators —
you can see it’s kind of inspiring. Now, here with 256 electrodes. (Laughter) So what did they find? Of course, same thing. The scientific embargo — a paper has been submitted to “Nature,”
hopefully, it will be accepted. It deals with the state of compassion,
unconditional compassion. We asked meditators, who have
been doing that for years and years, to put their mind in a state
where there’s nothing but loving kindness, total availability to sentient being. Of course, during the training,
we do that with objects. We think of people suffering,
of people we love, but at some point, it can be
a state which is all pervading. Here is the preliminary result, which I can show
because it’s already been shown. The bell curve shows 150 controls, and what is being looked at is the difference between the right
and the left frontal lobe. In very short, people
who have more activity in the right side of the prefrontal cortex are more depressed, withdrawn. They don’t describe
a lot of positive affect. It’s the opposite on the left side: more tendency to altruism, to happiness, to express,
and curiosity and so forth. So there’s a basic line for people.
And also, it can be changed. If you see a comic movie,
you go off to the left side. If you are happy about something,
you’ll go more to the left side. If you have a bout of depression,
you’ll go to the right side. Here, the -0.5 is the full
standard deviation of a meditator
who meditated on compassion. It’s something that is totally out
of the bell curve. So, I’ve no time to go
into all the different scientific results. Hopefully, they will come. But they found that —
this is after three and a half hours in an fMRI, it’s like coming out of a space ship. Also, it has been shown in other labs — for instance,
Paul Ekman’s labs in Berkeley — that some meditators are able, also, to control their emotional response
more than it could be thought. Like the startle experiments, for example. If you sit a guy on a chair with all this apparatus
measuring your physiology, and there’s kind of a bomb that goes off, it’s such an instinctive response that, in 20 years, they never saw
anyone who would not jump. Some meditators,
without trying to stop it, but simply by being completely open, thinking that that bang is just going
to be a small event like a shooting star, they are able not to move at all. So the whole point of that is not,
sort of, to make, like, a circus thing of showing exceptional
beings who can jump, or whatever. It’s more to say
that mind training matters. That this is not just a luxury. This is not a supplementary
vitamin for the soul. This is something
that’s going to determine the quality of every instant of our lives. We are ready to spend 15 years
achieving education. We love to do jogging, fitness. We do all kinds of things
to remain beautiful. Yet, we spend surprisingly little time
taking care of what matters most — the way our mind functions — which, again, is the ultimate thing that determines
the quality of our experience. Now, compassion
is supposed to be put in action. That’s what we try to do
in different places. Just this one example
is worth a lot of work. This lady with bone TB,
left alone in a tent, was going to die with her only daughter. One year later, how she is. Different schools and clinics
we’ve been doing in Tibet. And just, I leave you
with the beauty of those looks that tells more about happiness
than I could ever say. (Laughter) And jumping monks of Tibet. (Laughter) Flying monks. Thank you very much.


  1. I love this. It takes time. It takes intention over years. Sometimes the harder a goal is, the more it's worth. Keep grinding.

  2. Unbelievable talk. Thank you. You are really good example of success in life. Most importantly you die happy while others fear. End winner is you.

  3. Can you be happy in a state of physical misery imposed by others. I watch these videos all the time and I agree for most part. However, if someone is being tormented by their own physical body, an abusive spouse or friend, poverty, war, and other acts of aggression that person must begin their struggle to maintain a stable safe foundation to foster happiness. There are very spiritually sick people who do not value happiness or the welfare of others. If this is left out of equation, the search for happiness is an incomplete equation. Basically every one of us via our insecurity can impose our misery by demanding more from the world than necessary and tyrannize others. You want to be happy "say thank you when you are miserable and challenged."

  4. so whats the point of meditation…is it control or is it being or is it, getting away from the world and so on…or gain peace…I m uncertain of the goals

  5. Pour moi, le bonheur, c'est d'aimer. Il n'y a pas de bonheur sans amour. Ce n'est pas bête ce qu'il dit du plaisir. Rien n'est plus fugace que le plaisir.

  6. A questo link trovate la versione sottotilata in italiano

  7. nope = robot true free human being are all things good and evil at the same time
    he's living in denial of what a true primate is meant to be an animal on earth

  8. these well fed buddhist monks never speak of the inequality, patriarchy and repression of women in their own clans ..

  9. Amk en mutlu insan benim ne borcum var ne derdim 😊😂 Algı operasyonları bunlar inanmayın

  10. Wow, every single one of these eastern types who is shilling their products to the west always launches right in with the "who wants to be HAPPY kids?" Happy is such a lame word. I agree with the French it is an oppressive, tiresome, shallow desire. "Happy" is a word that was invented with the yellow happy face logo and if you think I am wrong go check. A happy face was supposed to be an ironic mocking of "be happy". Not now. Irony is dead and these supposedly deep people like this guy are having to talk down to their audiences as if they are promising cherry lollypops to attendees at a pre-school birthday party.

    Liberation from suffering was the promise of the Buddha. Not HAPPY!! Not MORE FUN!! Blech. It's all so lame but the comments below almost all use the word "happy". Are these gurus creating this happy need or are they just pandering to it after Madison Avenue created it?

    Liberation from suffering was the promise of the Buddha.

  11. Thanks for this inspirational happiness talk! I am in the middle of my own happiness experiment – harnessing endorphins and all sorts of other little things. So helpful!

  12. Thank you kindly 💜 This really sounds hard to believe, but I've just seen that Sri Avinash an Australian master is transmitting the enlightened state and he calls it the satori transmission. 🙇 People are experiencing a taste of enlightenment because of him within minutes. It just seems so rare and amazingly precious that I felt the need to share about it. I didn't believe it until I saw it. See for yourself! #sriavinashsatoritransmission 👐🧡

  13. The beauty of living a happy life is just making the most of everything you can.Happiness can also be a cultivated habit.Happiness is the warmth of life. You are happy when you start living your life to the fullest without bothering about what the world thinks of you as most often in the moments of sadness and suffering we are one's who go through it and we are alone. So live every moment of your life trying to be happy.Happiness is a state of mind.If we can make it a habit to leave things that make us
    sad in a box that is closed.We are often sad when we are missing someone or we remember the good times in life from the past but if you start living every moment of life happily people will come to you.A happy man or woman is surrounded by the world.Everyone wants to share a happy moment.

  14. "Meditate profoundly, that the secret of things unseen may be revealed unto you, that you may inhale the sweetness of a spiritual and imperishable fragrance, and that you may acknowledge the truth…so that light may be distinguished from darkness, truth from falsehood, right from wrong, guidance from error, happiness from misery, and roses from thorns." ~ Bahá’u’lláh

  15. Look, i'm both a scientist and a culture student myself, having studied everything from biology and chemistry to history and ancient cultures to psychology and philosophy to christianity and buddhism – pretty much everything in between and of its sister disciplines, too – knowledge is power and i don't deny the wisdom taken from christianity or buddhism, but to identify with this is infantile and literally stepping back into a time of ignorance – amongst the tidbits of wisdom there is a TON of bullshit that ends up misguiding people: take Hitler, for example, who through the loyalty of a nation and having more than enough to supply his armies, exercised power and control, dominated large parts of the world and caused a global war, causing the death of millions upon millions – my point is, he was a very good and effective leader and much can be learned from him – One does not need to care for a teacher to still be able to learn. It's also important to realise that you are NOT your thoughts – it is very important to be able to separate yourself from your ideas – because it's within this realisation that so-called nirvana lies dormant just yearning to be unleashed. Without becoming aware that you are not that ranting little voice in your head, you will not be able to step beyond your own prejudices. You will always be stuck if you do not learn how to free yourself.

  16. A tient il est aussi biochimiste? Je le croyais philosophe…. Il connais tellement de choses, et la biologie est si varier. En tout cas merci cette version me fait bosser mon anglais. Biochimistes et biologistes sont forcément anglophone à cause des parutions en anglais, alors pas étonnant.

  17. Agradeço pela oportunidade que me foi ofertada e a disponibilidade de todos envolvidos. É reforçador escutar sobre algo tão importante, e aplicar diariamente entendendo que as emoções não precisam ser rotuladas ou julgadas, a dualidade nos atrapalha perceber o real e assim, distorcermos a lógica. Novamente, muito obrigado!


  19. meditators are mediators
    the terminators of our society!
    To show how unplugged thought affairs;
    really means more to lessen the burdens
    of stars wanting to be the sun and on dare!
    While remaining the shade on the moon…
    don't Surrey be Happy! Sure thee in stopping;
    encoring the thoughtless ensnare and care…
    Stairway to Heaven like climbering on Steinway
    My way got Highway'd to Thy way — what say?

    (terminator – the Ekvator of the moon)

  20. 14 minutes into and I am bored senseless. This guy puts me to sleep. I am completely missing his point because of it. I may be the only one who feels this way since this made a best list.

  21. "It's not it's not bliss, it's not happiness. It's something more like atonement for the criminal fact of your existence. To have meaning in your life is more important than to have what you want, because you may neither know what you want, or what you truly need." -Jordan B. Peterson

  22. It seems most fundamental issue for a happy life is removing any kind of love from the heart ? do I mean love of everything? no, I mean love of anything that one day they would be far and separated from us.I consider any motion is produced from heart and heart is the place of beloveds so it will be miserable the time which it cant achieve something that he wants , so if a person wants to be happy he shouldn't love anyone and anything, surely someone who loves a person that he doesn't like him or her has humiliated himself completely and certainly there isn't any humiliation worst than this matter.but another feelings what? like fear, or depressing? undoubtedly they are been rised from liking of something but how? you ought to think about it.

  23. I read a few of the comments to see what the general consensus is, inaccurate as usual cuz your dealing with social media here anything can be anything it wants, hint

  24. Happiness, if at all attainable, can probably be enjoyable in short bursts. But if you're happy all the time, you're unnatural.
    No animal is ever happy all the time. Earth isn't the sort of planet that accommodates happiness. It's a grim prison planet in an ocean of
    endless black death, and being happy is not only delusional, but it's also counterproductive.


  26. Wonderful talk! Meditation is part of Hindu tradition as well as Buddhist and it has been known to bring about major shifts within the mind and body. Mind training? Yes, that's a perfect explanation for it. I believe one can even go beyond (not like the great souls shown in this video!) and control the inner working of our mind and body through mere inner, or auto suggestions. I find meditation most effective in panic attacks but mind training can work wonders for making deeper corrections. With so many diseases now being recognized as psychosomatic or even autoimmune, happiness can work as a super supplement by wiping out stress!

  27. To the people at TED, why do you have no problem bringing a Buddhist in his religious garb onto your stage, yet I have never seen you let a real Christian, in the theologically orthodox sense (not "Eastern Orthodox", but theologically accurate), speak? That is a rhetorical question, really, because we all know that liberals are anti-Christian bigots.

  28. The 5 Remedies Against Sadness Used By Extraordinary Happy People

  29. I just gave a short talk about Buddhism with a Christian response on my Youtube. You might find it interesting also. Thanks for all your posts…good stuff.

  30. I'd rather be a full natural human than be floating on an ocean if happiness crack where I see my child died and it's just a shooting star which only causes a two second ripple on my ocean and three second pause in my permanent meditative mantra meth smile. Be normal. Have a full range of human emotions and experiences. Be a co-creator of something with someone else and stop worrying about your inner state.

  31. Afortunadamente la iluminación o despertar ha
    estado presente en todas las tradiciones y latitudes.Sería demoledor que sólo se hubiera florecido en Oriente como pretenden algunos.
    No tiene nada que ver con raparse la cabeza, usar hábitos, encender velas e incienso….ni con rituales etc.
    El gran maestro contemporaneo Eckhart cogió su nombre de un gran teólogo y místico cristiano medieval: el sublime Maestro Eckhart que forma parte de una rica y asombrosa tradición contemplativa europea que fue barrida por el nuevo sistema capitalista y su diosa Razón a partir de la Ilustración.
    Así vamos.
    Es decir , Occidente perdió su propio "oriente" y se desorientó 😢❤🙏

  32. Nenhum brasileiro? Hj em dia absolutamente tudo que fazemos atinge alguém, por isso acho que esse tipo de pessoa que vive isolado dessa bagunça que vivemos, são as pessoas que mais ajudam a humanidade, pois pouco ou nada interferem na vida das pessoas.

  33. The Speech was powerful…

    The only thing is that draws my attention away is that saliva/spittle/slobber sound (I'm Dutch, I don't know what the usual word is, we call it "smakken")

  34. Lama Matthiew la, is no nonsense. Can't imagine how he mastered Buddhism which takes forever to practice & study – that even in Tibetan script. Man, he's French, speaks perfect English. Just awestruck with this great man. My prostration to you Lama la.🙏🙏🙏

  35. TED TALKS – Could you please do your RESEARCH PROPERLY before doing ARTICLES, THANK YOU.
    🛑 'CULT WARNING' 🛑
    That's How it Starts.
    People Please {Watch: ☆'An Unholy Row' BBC Documentary, Network East ☆👈🚩 } 1998 about this New Kadampa Tradition aka NKT, International Kadampa Buddhist Union – IKBU, ISC, etc, etc.

    Also { Watch: 👉☆ 'The Real Truth Behind the Shugden Demonstrators' ☆🚩} on here.

    🚩Geshela is just a self styled Actor – Expelled Monk so Fake Geshe – False 3rd buddha of this ages & fake Geshela the omnipresent one.-

    🚩Just a Front Man – Con Man – Money man, All these kind of cults are advised – need to have a front man, as he said in the above documentary, ( 'if you find any single person that hears him say you cannot read any other books' – 'he will give you 1 Million pounds' 1998 ) then his followers laugh.

    👉🚩This Cult has caused Extreme Trauma, Misery & Suffering, Ruining many peoples lives.

    👉🚩*( There* is also Known Sexual Misconduct, reported about in this Cult )

    👉🚩 { "Many People do Not Survive" } 🚩
                { No one has ever apologised }

    Watch – [ 👉🚩☆"New Kadampa Tradition Protestors"] Now aggressively protesting H.H.14th Dalai Lama around the world on here. + { 👉☆ NKT Survivors & New Kadampa Survivor testimonys etc, and 'NKT Survivor Activists'☆🚩}

    { + 👉☆ H.H.14th Dalai Lama talking about the NKT, and Dolgyal & Shugden Controversy.☆🚩} on here.

    Also Ex-member of the NKT:
    { 👉☆ 'Dr Michelle Haslam' Clinical Psychologist –  Report Updated*☆🚩} about the NKT on various sites across the web etc – Very Enlightening &  Informative.

    Please listen to this Real life complete short series 1-10 by a Man that got involved & caught up in the NKT called:
    ( 👉☆ 'Surviving the New Kadampa Tradition'☆🚩) on here.

    This Cult now has 1300 Centres, in 40 Countries Worldwide.

    'All That Glitters is Not Gold'

    Now Make Your Own Mind Up hope this helps.


  36. Matthieu Ricard (Nepali: माथ्यु रिका, born 15 February 1946) is a French writer, photographer, translator and Buddhist monk who resides at Shechen Tennyi Dargyeling Monastery in Nepal.
    Matthieu Ricard grew up among the personalities and ideas of French intellectual circles. He received a Ph.D. degree in molecular genetics from the Pasteur Institute in 1972. He then decided to forsake his scientific career and instead practice Tibetan Buddhism, living mainly in the Himalayas.

  37. Mathieu Ricard is a really wise man, he made a difficult decision: to leave his privileged life in France and chose the wisdom of Buddhism and the loneliness, harsh life and cold air of high mountains in India. The first book that opened my eyes to a spiritual world was The Autobiography of a Yogui, by Paramahansa Yogananda. Great teachings and wonderful words full of truth.

  38. Happiness comes from gratitude. If you’re satisfied and accept the outer and the inner conditions then you won’t be unhappy or sad. That’s how it is.

  39. from 5:50 onwards, he said "well being is not just a mere pleasurable sensation. it is a deep sense of serenity and fullfillment. A state that actually pervades and underlies all emotional states, and all the joys and sorrows that can come one's way."

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