Śvētāmbara | Wikipedia audio article

The Śvētāmbara (; Sanskrit: श्वेतांबर
or श्वेतपट śvētapaṭa; also spelled Svetambar, Shvetambara, Shvetambar,
Swetambar or Shwetambar) is one of the two main branches of Jainism, the other being
the Digambara. Śvētāmbara “white-clad” is a term describing
its ascetics’ practice of wearing white clothes, which sets it apart from the Digambara “sky-clad”
Jainas, whose ascetic practitioners go naked. Śvētāmbaras, unlike Digambaras, do not
believe that ascetics must practice nudity.Śvētāmbaras also believe that women are able to obtain
moksha. Śvētāmbaras maintain that the 19th Tirthankara,
Māllīnātha, was a woman.==History==
The Śvētāmbara tradition follows the lineage of Sthulabhadra. The Kalpa Sūtra mentions some of the lineages
in ancient times. The Śvētāmbara monastic orders are branches
of the Vrahada Order, which was founded in 937 CE. The most prominent among the classical orders
today are the Kharatara (founded 1024 CE), the Tapa Gaccha (founded 1228 CE) and the
Tristutik Gaccha. A major dispute was initiated by Lonka Shaha,
who started a movement opposed to idol worship in 1476. The Sthānakavāsī and Terapanth orders are
branches of this movement. Major reforms by Vijayananda Suri of the Tapa
Order in 1880 led a movement to restore orders of wandering monks, which brought about the
near-extinction of the Yati institutions. Rajendrasuri restored the śramaṇa organization
of the Tristutik Gaccha. Some Śvētāmbara monks and nuns cover their
mouth with a white cloth or muhapatti to practise ahimsa even when they talk. By doing so they minimize the possibility
of inhaling small organisms.==Denominations==The Śvētāmbara sect was divided into different
orders. First some saints left Śvētāmbara sect
to form the Lonka sect in 1474,, which eventually lead to forming of the Sthānakavāsī in
1653. In 1760, thirteen Saints started their own
order called the Terapanth.So now at present there are three orders in the Śvētāmbara
sect: Murtipujaka (Deravasi), Sthānakavāsī and Terapanth. The Sthānakavāsī believe in praying to
Saints rather than to an idol in a temple, the same philosophy is carried on by the Terapanth. Other difference between Deravasi Jains and
Sthānakavāsī Jains is that the saints (monks) of Deravasi do not wear a muhapatti near their
mouth to cover it, they hold it in hand. Sthānakavāsī and Terapanthi saints wear
muhapatti held in place by white cotton thread tied to their ears. They do not keep Idols in their Jain temples
but pray and bow to the Pancha Mahamantar. The Murtipujakas keep idols of the tīrthaṅkaras
at their temples and worship them.==See also==
Tirth Pat==
Reference==Mary Pat Fisher, Living Religions (5th Edition)
(2003), p. 130 Dundas, Paul (2002) [1992], The Jains (Second
ed.), Routledge, ISBN 0-415-26605-X==
External links==Media related to Svetambara at Wikimedia Commons

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