How Europeans Started Creating Incredible Things And Expressing New Ideas | The Renaissance

Religious institutions never like people finding
the answers to their own questions. They do not like when people challenge their
authority by expressing new ideas through inventions, science, art, and philosophy. And this was what exactly happening during
the period of the renaissance. The new Europe was being born Renaissance is the period of European history,
which covers the span between the 14th to 17th century. So, why do we call renaissance the rebirth
of Europe? In the middle ages, European countries forged
new identities for themselves. They were no longer the part of fallen Roman
Empire. They moved away from the lost glory of the
Roman Empire into their own ethnicity. Roman Catholic Church defined itself as the
spiritual protector of the Christian believers but many Christians of middles ages started
questioning the logic or the rules of religious institutions. Europeans were asking questions which Roman
Catholic Church was unwilling to answer or unable to answer. During the Renaissance bright minds tried
to find answers or reasons for human existence based on logic rather than faith. They engaged themselves in the experimentation
to answer the unsolved mysteries of nature. A painter like Leonardo da Vinci did not restrict
himself to just painting, he studied the anatomy of the human body. Bright minds like Galileo presented the study,
which showed that the earth was not the center of the universe and that the earth and other
planets revolve around the sun. He built a telescope, which proved his conclusions. However, discoveries of Galileo were against
the church and its belief that the earth was the center of the universe. Galileo faced many problems because of that,
but how could he believe the church when the telescope had shown him the truth. Before the Renaissance for centuries, the
Church did not allow people to study subjects like the anatomy of the Human body, Astronomy,
and many other subjects. They always tried to project the Church and
God as an answer to all the questions and mysteries. Learning new things of science, literature,
philosophy, and art were limited to a few privileged people until 1400. But when in 1440, Johannes Gutenberg invented
the Gutenberg printing press which could print books quickly, the spread of knowledge became
faster than ever before. It was just like the invention of the internet. Just like How today we have access to the
wide ocean of knowledge because of the Internet. The renaissance gave ordinary humans of Europe
a chance to access knowledge, a chance to find answers. A chance to solve unsolved mysteries of nature
and A chance to develop new ideas. The bold new ideas were traveling across the
boundaries of Europe faster than the church could silence them. People started questioning the corrupt practices,
happening under the name of religion. Many denied the hierarchy of power and authority
and politics being played in the religious institutions to maintain or to gain authority. This was the birth of Humanism against old
beliefs and rules. The very humanism, which inspired the art
of Michelangelo, the science of Vesalius, the literature of Shakespeare and Cervantes. But this change this disruption to the authority
of religious institutions did not come easily. It brought many bloody massacres and conflicts
with it. Many European countries were split in catholic
and protestant. People were executed who asked questions,
which violated the religious teachings. Renaissance was the era where people showed
their willingness to die for the right to think freely.


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